Rank Insignia Previous Honoree ID Next Honoree ID

honoree image
First Name: Richard

Last Name: Winters

Birthplace: Ephrata, PA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: D.

Date of Birth: 21 January 1918

Date of Death: 02 January 2011

Rank: Major

Years Served:
Richard D. Winters

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)
•  Korean War (1950 - 1953)


Richard D. "Dick" Winters
Major, U.S. Army

Richard D. Winters was born on 21 January 1918 in Ephrata, PA, to Richard and Edith Winters. He moved to nearby Lancaster when he was eight years old. He graduated from Lancaster Boys High School in 1937 and matriculated to Franklin and Marshall College.

At Franklin and Marshall, Winters was a member of the Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity and participated in intramural football and basketball as a member of Upsilon Chapter. He had to give up wrestling, his favorite sport, and most of his social activities, for his studies and the part-time jobs that paid his way through college. He graduated in 1941 with the highest academic standing in the business college. The war had broken out in Europe, and he enlisted in the Army.

Military Service

World War II

Winters enlisted in the U.S. Army on 25 August 1941, in order to shorten his time in service. In September, he underwent basic training at Camp Croft, SC. Afterward; he remained at Camp Croft to help train draftees and other volunteers, while the rest of his battalion was deployed to Panama. In April 1942, he was selected to attend Officer Candidate School at Fort Benning, GA. It was there he met his friend, Lewis Nixon, with whom he served throughout the war in the 101st Airborne Division. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant after graduation from OCS on 2 July 1942.

During the course of his officer training, Winters reached the decision that he wanted to join the parachute infantry. Upon completing training, he returned to Camp Croft to train another draft as there were no positions available in the paratroopers at that time. After five weeks, he received orders to join the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment at Camp Toccoa (formerly Camp Toombs) in Georgia.

He arrived at Toccoa in mid-August 1942 and was assigned to Company E, 2nd Battalion, 506th PIR, serving under First Lieutenant (later Captain) Herbert Sobel. Company E was also known as "Easy Company" per the contemporaneous Joint Army/Navy Phonetic Alphabet. Initially, he served as a platoon leader in charge of 2nd Platoon, but later, in October 1942, he was promoted to First Lieutenant and became the acting Company Executive Officer, although this was not made official until May 1943. The 506th PIR was an experimental unit, being the first regiment to undertake airborne training as a formed unit. As many of the men had very little previous military experience, the training at Toccoa was necessarily very tough and, as a consequence, there was a high level of personnel loss. Of the 500 officers who had volunteered, only 148 successfully completed the course. The enlisted men had it equally tough, with only 1,800 men being selected out of 5,300 volunteers.

On 10 June 1943, the 506th PIR was officially attached to the 101st Airborne Division. Later in the year they embarked on the Samaria bound for England, arriving there on 15 September 1943, and disembarking in Liverpool. They then proceeded to Aldbourne in Wiltshire where they began an intense training program designed to make the Regiment ready for the invasion of Europe that was planned for 1944.

It was while Easy Company was based at Aldbourne, in November-December 1943, that the tension and competition that had been brewing between Winters and Sobel came to a head. Winters had privately-held concerns over Sobel's ability to lead the company in combat for some time before this and many of the enlisted men in the company had come to respect Winters for his competence and had also developed their own concerns about Sobel's leadership. Winters has stated that he never wanted to compete with Sobel for command of Easy Company. However, the situation became out of hand when Sobel attempted to bring Winters up on charges for failure to carry out a lawful order. Feeling that his punishment was unjust, Winters requested that the charge be tried by court martial. When Winters' punishment was set aside by the Battalion Commander, Sobel proceeded to make another charge against Winters the following day. While the investigation was being undertaken, Winters was transferred to the Headquarters Company and appointed as the Battalion Mess Officer.

Following this, although Winters tried to talk them out of it, a number of the company's non-commissioned officers (NCOs) gave the Regimental Commander, Colonel Robert Sink, an ultimatum: either Sobel be replaced, or they would hand back their stripes. Sink was not impressed and several of the NCOs were subsequently demoted and transferred out of the Company. Nevertheless, he realized that something had to be done and decided Sobel had to be replaced. Sobel was transferred and given command of a newly-formed parachute training school. Winters' court martial was set aside, and he returned to Easy Company as Platoon Leader of 1st Platoon. Despite their personality clash, Winters later stated he felt that at least part of Easy Company's success had been due to Sobel's strenuous training and high expectations. In February 1944, First Lieutenant Thomas Meehan III was given command of Easy Company.

Meehan remained in command of the Company until the Normandy invasion, when at approximately 1:15 a.m. on 6 June 1944, the C-47 Skytrain transport the company headquarters section was in was shot down by German anti-aircraft fire, killing everyone on board. Winters jumped that night and landed safely near Sainte-Mère-Église. After having lost his weapon during the drop, he was able to orient himself, collect several paratroopers, including members of the 82nd Airborne, and proceed toward the unit's assigned objective near Sainte-Marie-du-Mont. Without knowing the fate of Lieutenant Meehan, Winters became the acting Commanding Officer of Easy Company for the duration of the Normandy campaign.

Later that day, Winters led an attack that destroyed a battery of German 105 mm howitzers which were firing onto the causeways that served as the principal exits from Utah Beach. The Americans estimated that the guns were defended by approximately one platoon of 50 German troops, while Winters had 13 men. This action south of the village of Le Grand-Chemin has been called the Brécourt Manor Assault. Aspects of the attack have been taught at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point as an example of an assault on a fixed position. In addition to destroying the battery, Winters also obtained a map detailing German gun emplacements in the Utah Beach area.

On 1 July 1944, Winters was told that he had been promoted to Captain. The next day he was presented with the Distinguished Service Cross by General Omar N. Bradley, who was then the Commanding General of the First Army. Shortly after, the 506th was withdrawn from France and returned to Aldbourne in England for reorganization.

In September 1944, the 506th PIR took part in Operation Market Garden, an airborne operation in the Netherlands. On 5 October 1944, a German force launched an attack on the 2nd Battalion's flank, and threatened to break through the American lines. At the same time, four men in an Easy Company patrol were wounded. Returning to the headquarters, they reported that they had encountered a large group of Germans at a crossroads about 1,300 yards to the east of the company command post. Realizing the seriousness of the situation, Winters took one squad from 1st Platoon, and moved off toward the crossroads, where they observed a German machine gun firing to the south, toward the battalion headquarters. After surveying the position, Winters then led the squad in an assault on the gun crew. Soon after taking the position, the squad took fire from a German position opposite them. Estimating that this position was held by at least a platoon, Winters called for reinforcements from the rest of the 1st Platoon, and led them in an assault. Later it was discovered there were at least 300 Germans.

On 9 October, Winters became the Battalion Executive Officer. Although this position was normally held by a Major, Winters filled it while still a Captain.

On 16 December 1944, German forces launched a counter-offensive against the Western Allies in Belgium. After the 101st Airborne was moved by truck to the Bastogne area on 18 December, still serving as Executive Officer of the 2nd Battalion, Winters took part in the defense of the line northeast of Bastogne near the town of Foy during what became known as the Battle of the Bulge. The entire 101st Airborne and elements of the 10th Armored Division battled about 15 German divisions, supported by heavy artillery and armor, for nearly a week before the U.S. Third Army broke through the German lines surrounding Bastogne.

After being relieved, the 2nd Battalion carried out an attack on Foy on 9 January 1945. On 8 March 1945, following the 2nd Battalion's move to Haguenau, Winters was promoted to Major and shortly afterward he was made acting Battalion Commander of 2nd Battalion, when Lieutenant Colonel Strayer was elevated to the regimental staff. Second Battalion saw little combat after this.

In April, the Battalion carried out defensive duties along the Rhine before deploying to Bavaria later in the month. In early May, the 101st Airborne Division received orders to capture Berchtesgaden. The 2nd Battalion set out from Thalham, Germany, through streams of surrendering German soldiers, and led the way to the alpine retreat, reaching the town at noon on 5 May 1945. They were still there when the war ended three days later on 8 May 1945.

After the end of hostilities, Winters remained in Europe as the process of occupation and demobilization began. Even though he had enough points to return to the U.S., he was told that he was needed in Germany. Later, he was offered a Regular commission, but declined it. He finally embarked from Marseilles aboard the Wooster Victory on 4 November 1945. He was separated from the Army on 29 November 1945 although he was not officially discharged until 22 January 1946, and he remained on terminal leave until then.

Winters was recommended for the Medal of Honor for his leadership at Brécourt Manor, but due to the quota system which limited the distribution of the award to only one per division, and since one Medal of Honor had already been awarded-to Lieutenant Colonel Robert G. Cole-the recommendation was downgraded to the Distinguished Service Cross, the U.S. Army's second highest award for valor. After the release of the Band of Brothers television miniseries, a letter-writing campaign to have Winters awarded the Medal of Honor began, but so far without success. Currently, Rep. Tim Holden (D-PA) introduced HR 3121 (111th) "To authorize and request the President to award the Medal of Honor to Richard D. Winters, of Hershey, Pennsylvania, for acts of valor on June 6, 1944, in Normandy, France, while an officer in the 101st Airborne Division." The bill has been referred to the House Armed Services Committee and the House Armed Services Committee, Subcommittee on Military Personnel.

Following the end of the war in the European Theater, Winters worked for his close war-time friend, Captain Lewis Nixon, at Nixon's family business, Nixon Nitration Works of Edison, NJ, rising to become general manager in 1950. On 16 May 1948, he married Ethel Estoppey and continued to pursue his education through the GI Bill, attending a number of business and personnel management courses at Rutgers University.

Korean War

In June 1951 he was recalled to active duty in the Army during the Korean War. He was ordered to join the 11th Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, KY, but he was given six months to report and in this time he traveled to Washington, DC, to speak to General Tony McAuliffe, in the hope that he could convince the Army not to send him to Korea. He explained to McAuliffe that he had seen enough of war and apparently McAuliffe understood his position, but explained that he was needed because of his command experience. Winters then reported to Fort Dix, NJ, where he was assigned as a Regimental Planning and Training Officer.

While at Fort Dix, Winters became disillusioned with his job, finding that he had little enthusiasm for training officers who lacked discipline and did not attend their scheduled classes. As a result, he volunteered to attend the Ranger School. He then received orders to deploy to Korea and travelled to Seattle, where during pre-deployment administration, he was offered the chance to resign if he wanted to. He did resign.

Medals and Awards

Distinguished Service Cross

Bronze Star Medal (2 Awards)

Purple Heart

Presidential Unit Citation (2 Awards)

American Defense Service Medal

National Defense Service Medal

European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 3 Service Stars & Arrow Device

World War II Victory Medal

Army of Occupation Medal

Croix de guerre with Palm

French Liberation Medal

Oorlogskruis with Palm

Belgian WWII Service Medal


Combat Infantryman Badge

Parachutist Badge with 2 Combat Stars (2 Combat Jumps)

He also received a Medal of the City of Eindhoven.

Later Years

After his release from the Army, he became a production supervisor at an adhesive plaster mill in New Brunswick, NJ. In 1951, he and his wife, Ethel, bought a small farm where later Winters built their farmhouse and together they raised two children. In 1972, he went into business for himself, starting his own company and selling animal feed products to farmers throughout Pennsylvania. Soon afterward, he moved his family to Hershey, PA. He finally retired in 1997.

During the 1990s, Winters was featured in a number of books and television series about his experiences and those of the men in Easy Company. In 1992, Stephen Ambrose wrote the book Band of Brothers: Easy Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne from Normandy to Hitler's Eagle's Nest, which was subsequently turned into an HBO mini-series Band of Brothers. Winters was also the subject of the 2005 book Biggest Brother: The Life of Major Dick Winters, The Man Who Led the Band of Brothers, written by Larry Alexander. His own memoir, Beyond Band of Brothers: The War Memoirs of Major Dick Winters, co-written by military historian and retired U.S. Army Colonel Cole C. Kingseed, was published in early 2006. He also gave a number of lectures on leadership to cadets at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

On 16 May 2009, Franklin and Marshall College conferred an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters upon Winters.

Despite the many accolades he had received, Winters remained humble about his service. During the interview segment of the miniseries Band of Brothers, Winters quoted a passage from a letter he received from Sergeant Mike Ranney, "I cherish the memories of a question my grandson asked me the other day when he said, 'Grandpa, were you a hero in the war?' Grandpa said 'No… but I served in a company of heroes.'"

Death and Burial

Major Richard D. Winters, a resident of Hershey, PA, died on 2 January 2011, at an assisted living facility in nearby Campbelltown, PA. He had been suffering from Parkinson's disease for several years. Winters had requested a private, unannounced funeral service, which was held on 8 January 2011.

Winters is buried at the Bergstrasse Evangelical Lutheran Church Cemetery in Ephrata, PA, next to his parents in the Winters' family plot. His grave is marked Richard D. Winters WW II 101st Airborne.

Honoree ID: 3239   Created by: MHOH




Honoree Photos

honoree imagehonoree imagehonoree image

honoree imagehonoree image

honoree image