Rank Insignia Previous Honoree ID Next Honoree ID

honoree image
First Name: Henry

Last Name: Wayne

Birthplace: Savannah, GA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: Constantine

Date of Birth: 18 September 1810

Date of Death: 15 March 1883

Rank: Major

Years Served:
Henry Constantine Wayne

•  Mexican-American Wars (1846 - 1848)
•  American Civil War (1861 - 1865)


Henry Constantine Wayne
Brevet Major, U.S. Army

Henry Constantine Wayne was born on 18 September 1810 in Savannah, GA, the son of U.S. Supreme Court Justice, James Moore Wayne. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1838 and joined the Artillery as a Second Lieutenant. Later in that year Wayne participated in the Aroostook War over the boundary of Maine. In 1841, he became the Assistant Instructor of Artillery and Cavalry at West Point where he remained for two years. Henry became a First Lieutenant in 1842. When the U.S. declared war on Mexico, Wayne joined the troops to fight. He was brevetted a Major for his bravery at the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco.

U.S. Camel Corps

After the Mexican-American War, Henry Wayne befriended George H. Crossman. Crossman brought up his idea of using camels for transportation of people and supplies in the West. Wayne relayed this idea to Senator Jefferson Davis, and when Davis became Secretary of War on 1853, he had Congress pass a bill to experiment with the camels. Wayne was chosen to lead an expedition to the Middle East to purchase $30,000 worth of camels. The group sailed to London on the USS Supply to examine camels in zoos. They then journeyed to Italy and met Grand Duke Leopold II to see his 250 camels that were said to be able to do the work of 1000 horses. They then purchased thirty-three camels: three in Tunisia, nine in Egypt, and twenty-one in Turkey. When the group arrived back, they experimented with the animals in the deserts of the western U.S. Forty-one more camels would arrive later to join the corps. Congress, on the request of the Department of War, proposed a bill to buy 1,000 more camels, but the start of the Civil War quickly ended the debate. The experiments were also ended with the start of the Civil War, and the remaining camels were either sold or released into the wild.

Civil War Service

Wayne resigned his commission after receiving the results of Abraham Lincoln's victory as president. He joined the Confederate Army and was appointed the Adjutant and Inspector-General of Georgia by Governor Joseph E. Brown, where he was responsible for putting the Army of Georgia into order in companies, regiments, and brigades. On 16 December 1861, Wayne was commissioned a Brigadier General. Through his orders, the men of Georgia guarded the crossings of Chattahoochee River. After being ordered to Manassas, VA, Wayne resigned his commission as a Brigadier General and instead just stuck to his duties as Adjutant and Inspector-General until the end of the war.

Awards and Books

Wayne received the First Class Gold Medal of Mammal Division by the Société impériale zoologique d'acclimatation of France in 1858 for his introduction of the camel into the U.S. In 1856 he wrote The Sword Exercise, arranged for Military Instruction.

Death and Burial

Henry Constantine Wayne died on 15 March 1883 in Savannah, GA. He is buried at Laurel Grove Cemetery in Savannah.

Honoree ID: 3206   Created by: MHOH




Honoree Photos

honoree imagehonoree imagehonoree image

honoree imagehonoree image

honoree image