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First Name: Vernon

Last Name: Walters

Birthplace: New York, NY, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: Anthony

Date of Birth: 03 January 1917

Date of Death: 10 February 2002

Rank: Lieutenant General

Years Served:
Vernon Anthony Walters

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)
•  Korean War (1950 - 1953)
•  Vietnam War (1960 - 1973)


Vernon Anthony Walters
Lieutenant General, U.S. Army

Vernon Anthony Walters was born on 3 January 1917 in New York, NY. His father was a British immigrant and insurance salesman. From age 6, Walters lived in Britain and France with his family. At 16, he returned to the U.S. and worked for his father as an insurance claims adjuster and investigator.

His formal education beyond elementary school consisted entirely of boarding school instruction at Stonyhurst College, a 400-year-old Jesuit school in Lancashire, England. He did not attend a university. In later years, he seemed to enjoy reflecting on the fact that he had risen fairly high and accomplished much despite a near-total lack of formal academic training.

He was fluent in French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese as well as his native English. He also spoke German fluently but, as he joked, inaccurately, and knew the basics of several others. His simultaneous translation of a speech by U.S. President Richard Nixon in France prompted French President Charles de Gaulle to say to Nixon, "You gave a magnificent speech, but your interpreter was eloquent."

Military Career

1940s and 50s

Walters joined the Army in 1941 and was soon commissioned as a Second Lieutenant. He served in Africa and Italy during World War II. He served as Link Official Between the commands of Brazilian Expeditionary Force and U.S. Fifth Army, earning medals for distinguished military and intelligence achievements.

His served as an aide and interpreter for several Presidents. He was at President Harry S. Truman's side as an interpreter in key meetings with America's Spanish and Portuguese speaking Latin American allies. His language skills helped him win Truman's confidence, and he accompanied the President to the Pacific in the early 1950s, serving as a key aide in Truman's unsuccessful effort to reach a reconciliation with an insubordinate General Douglas MacArthur, the Commander of United Nations forces in Korea.

In Europe in the 1950s, Walters served President Dwight Eisenhower and other top U.S. officials as a translator and aide at a series of NATO summit conferences. During this period, he participated in the famous visit of Eisenhower to General Franco. He also worked in Paris at Marshall Plan headquarters and helped set up the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe. He was with then-Vice President Nixon in 1958 when an anti-American crowd stoned their car in Caracas, Venezuela. Walters suffered facial cuts from flying glass. The Vice President avoided injury.


In the 1960s, Walters served as a U.S. Military Attaché in France, Italy, and Brazil. Two decades later, he was a high-profile U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. From April 1989 until August 1991, during German Reunification, he was Ambassador to West Germany. He also served as a roving ambassador, performing sensitive diplomatic missions that included talks in Cuba, Syria, and elsewhere. He was sent to Morocco to meet discreetly with PLO officials and warn them against any repetition of the 1973 murders of two American diplomats in the region. (In a much earlier visit to Morocco, he had given a ride on a tank to a young boy who later became King Hassan II.)

While serving as a military attaché in Paris from 1967-72, Walters played a role in secret peace talks with North Vietnam. He arranged to smuggle National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger into France for secret meetings with a senior North Vietnamese official, and then smuggle him out again. He accomplished this by borrowing a private airplane from an old friend, French President Georges Pompidou.


President Nixon appointed Walters as Deputy Director for Central Intelligence (DDCI) in 1972. (Walters also served as Acting DCI for two months in mid-1973.) During his four years as DDCI, he worked closely with four successive Directors as the Agency-and the nation-confronted such major international developments as the 1973 Arab-Israeli war, the subsequent oil crisis, the turbulent end of the Vietnam War, and the Chilean military coup against the Allende government. According to a close colleague, Walters also "averted a looming catastrophe" for the CIA in connection with the Watergate scandal:

Despite numerous importunings from on high, [Walters] flatly refused to...cast a cloak of national security over the guilty parties. At the critical moment, he... refused to involve the Agency, and bluntly informed the highest levels of the executive [branch] that further insistence from that quarter would result in his immediate resignation. And the rest is history.

Walters, himself, reflected on those challenging days in his 1978 autobiography, Silent Missions:

I told [President Nixon's White House counsel] that on the day I went to work at the CIA I had hung on the wall of my office a color photograph showing the view through the window of my home in Florida…When people asked me what it was, I told them [this] was what was waiting [for me] if anyone squeezed me too hard.

Diplomatic Career

Beginning in 1981, Walters served under Ronald Reagan as roving ambassador. He was then U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations from 1985-89 and Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany from 1989-91. Here he was responsible on behalf of the U.S. for the preparations of the Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany.

In Retirement

During the 1990s, after he had retired from public life, Walters worked as a business consultant and was active on the lecture circuit. On 18 November 1991, he was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H. W. Bush. He wrote another book, The Mighty and the Meek (published in 2001), which profiled famous people with whom he had worked during his life. On 9 February, the day before his death [New York Herald Tribune, 15 February 2002] he gave an interview (in French language) in the mockumentary Dark side of the Moon (original title: Opération Lune) by William Karel.

This mockumentary Dark side of the Moon suggests that The New York Herald Tribune article on his death included the following paragraph:

"General Walters' last known public appearance was on a French Television documentary in which he talked about the White House's involvement with the Apollo program in the late 1960's. Both the producer and director noted that Walters was in perfect shape. [New York Herald Tribune, 15 February 2002].

However, the web version of the article at the New York Times website uses a different paragraph:

'He was great as our James Bond, getting us in and out secretly, even giving us code names,' said Winston Lord, former president of the Council on Foreign Relations, who accompanied Mr. Kissinger to the secret talks with the Vietnamese.

In Popular Culture

Walters was portrayed by Garrick Hagon in the 2002 BBC production of Ian Curteis' controversial The Falklands Play.

Death and Burial

Lieutenant General Vernon Anthony Walters died on 10 February 2002 in West Palm Beach, FL. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.

Honoree ID: 3187   Created by: MHOH




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