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First Name: Persifor

Last Name: Smith

Birthplace: Philadelphia, PA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: Frazer

Date of Birth: 16 November 1798

Date of Death: 17 May 1858

Rank: Major General

Years Served:
Persifor Frazer Smith

•  Indian Wars (1775 - 1924) intermittent
•  Mexican-American Wars (1846 - 1848)


Persifor Frazer Smith
Major General, U.S. Army

Persifor Frazer Smith was born on 16 November 1798 in Philadelphia, PA, the son of Jonathan and Mary Ann Frazer Smith. His maternal grandfather was Revolutionary War figure, Persifor Frazer. Smith is sometimes confused with his cousin, also named Persifor Frazer Smith, who was a well-known lawyer in Philadelphia. Persifor Frazer Smith, the lawyer, was the son of Joseph Smith (brother of Jonathan Smith) and Mary Frazer (sister of Mary Ann Frazer). Other notable relatives include his cousin, Joseph Smith Harris.

Smith served in the Seminole Wars in Florida before taking part in the Mexican-American War. He commanded the 2nd Brigade in Worth's Division at the Battle of Monterrey. He was brevetted Brigadier General in September 1846 and joined Winfield Scott's Army as commander of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Division. He led his brigade at the Battles of Veracruz, Cerro Gordo and Contreras. He was brevetted Major General for actions at Contreras and fought in the battles for Mexico City. He served on the Armistice Commission and then as military governor of Mexico City.

After the war, he commanded the Pacific Division of the U.S. Army, predecessor of the Department of the Pacific. In 1849, in his capacity as commander, he sent relief parties across the Sierra Nevada in the fall to meet the last arrivals in the emigration, saving many lives.

He next commanded the Department of Texas, where he selected the site for Fort Davis and issued orders for the establishment of Fort Lancaster. He died at Leavenworth, KS, while trying to quiet a disturbance.


Smith married his first wife, Frances Jeanette Bureau, in 1822. Their only child, Howard Smith, was a physician and surgeon. Howard Smith served on the staff of General Kirby Smith during the Civil War.

After his first wife's death in 1852, Major General Persifor Frazer Smith married Anne Monica Millard Armstrong, widow of Francis Wells Armstrong.


It has been speculated that, despite his Northern upbringing, he would have supported the Confederacy in the Civil War as a result of his long-time residence in the South, and would possibly have been one of its most experienced officers. However, he rendered the issue moot by dying three years before the war began. His stepson, Frank Crawford Armstrong, did serve as a Brigadier General in the Confederate army.

Death and Burial

Major General Persifor Frazer Smith died on 17 May 1858 in Leavenworth, KS. He is buried at Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, PA.

Honoree ID: 3095   Created by: MHOH




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