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First Name: John

Last Name: Garland

Birthplace: VA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Date of Birth: 15 November 1793

Date of Death: 05 June 1861

Rank: Brigadier General

Years Served:
John Garland

•  Mexican-American Wars (1846 - 1848)
•  American Civil War (1861 - 1865)


John Garland
Brevet Brigadier General, U.S. Army

John Garland was born on 15 November 1793.

Garland, a native of Virginia and career military man, was commissioned a 1st Lieutenant in the 35th U.S. Infantry on 31 March 1813. With over a decade of service, he was honored on 7 May 1827 with the rank of Brevet Major, U.S. Army. His promotion to full Major is dated 30 October 1836, and the subsequent rank of Lieutenant Colonel on 27 November 1839. With the onset of the war with Mexico in 1846, he was Brevetted Colonel for his actions at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, TX. By the same token, his actions at Contreras and Churubusco, Mexico, earned him the honorary rank of Brevet Brigadier General on 20 August 1847.

He received a wound at Chapultepac, Mexico, while engaged with General Santa Anna's forces. With 36 active years in the U.S. Army, he was promoted to full Colonel on 7 May 1849 and with nearly 50 years of military experience, would serve briefly during the American Civil War before dying of disease in New York City, NY.

Death and Burial

Brevet Brigadier General John Garland died on 5 June 1861 in New York City. He is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, DC.

Honoree ID: 2539   Created by: MHOH




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