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First Name: Ted

Last Name: Tanouye

Birthplace: Torrance, CA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: Takayuki

Date of Birth: 14 November 1919

Date of Death: 06 September 1944

Rank: Technical Sergeant

Years Served: 1942-1944
Ted Takayuki Tanouye

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)


Ted Takayuki Tanouye

Technical Sergeant, U.S. Army

Medal of Honor Recipient

World War II

Technical Sergeant Ted Takayuki 'Tak' Tanouye (14 November 1919 - 6 September 1944) was a U.S. Army soldier who was posthumously awarded the U.S. military′s highest award for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his heroic actions during World War II.

Ted "Tak" Tanouye was born in Torrance, CA, on 14 November 1919. The eldest of six children in a Japanese-American family, he graduated from Torrance High School in 1938. At the time of the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, Tanouye was working in the produce department of Ray′s Friendly Market, a local Japanese-American owned grocery store.

On 19 February 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 authorizing the incarceration of Japanese Americans in designated internment camps. Tanouye′s parents and siblings were interned in the Jerome War Relocation Center near Jerome, AR. After the Jerome camp was closed on 30 June 1944, the Tanouye family was transferred to the Rohwer War Relocation Center near Rohwer, AR. Ted Tanouye was never incarcerated; having enlisted in the U.S. Army on 20 February 1942.

Tanouye joined the 442nd Regimental Combat Team; a unit composed almost entirely of Japanese American soldiers, in 1943 and shipped out for Europe in 1944. The 442nd was sent to western Italy to aid the Allies' advance up the northern Italian coast.

On 7 July 1944-only his third day on the front line-Tanouye was serving as a Technical Sergeant in the 442nd's Company K. During a battle that day near Molino at Ventoabbto, Italy, he repeatedly advanced ahead of his unit to attack opposing German forces alone, despite intense return fire. Although severely wounded by a grenade blast, he continued to fight until his platoon had succeeded in taking their objective, the crest of "Hill 140." Tanouye refused to be evacuated until he had organized a defensive position for his unit.

After recovering from his wounds, Tanouye returned to the front lines where on 1 September 1944, he was wounded by an exploding land mine near San Mauro, Italy. He died five days later on 6 September 1944.

For his heroic actions on 7 July 1944, Ted T. Tanouye was posthumously awarded the Army's second-highest decoration, the Distinguished Service Cross. A 1990's review of service records for Asian Americans who received the Distinguished Service Cross during World War II led to Tanouye's award being upgraded to the Medal of Honor. In a ceremony at the White House on 21 June 2000, his surviving family members were presented with his Medal of Honor by President Bill Clinton. Twenty-one other Asian Americans also received the medal during the ceremony; all but seven of them posthumously.

Medal of Honor

Citation: Technical Sergeant Ted T. Tanouye distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 7 July 1944, near Molino A Ventoabbto, Italy. Technical Sergeant Tanouye led his platoon in an attack to capture the crest of a strategically important hill that afforded little cover. Observing an enemy machine gun crew placing its gun in position to his left front, Technical Sergeant Tanouye crept forward a few yards and opened fire on the position, killing or wounding three and causing two others to disperse. Immediately, an enemy machine pistol opened fire on him. He returned the fire and killed or wounded three more enemy soldiers. While advancing forward, Technical Sergeant Tanouye was subjected to grenade bursts, which severely wounded his left arm. Sighting an enemy-held trench, he raked the position with fire from his submachine gun and wounded several of the enemy. Running out of ammunition, he crawled 20 yards to obtain several clips from a comrade on his left flank. Next, sighting an enemy machine pistol that had pinned down his men, Technical Sergeant Tanouye crawled forward a few yards and threw a hand grenade into the position, silencing the pistol. He then located another enemy machine gun firing down the slope of the hill, opened fire on it, and silenced that position. Drawing fire from a machine pistol nest located above him, he opened fire on it and wounded three of its occupants. Finally taking his objective, Technical Sergeant Tanouye organized a defensive position on the reverse slope of the hill before accepting first aid treatment and evacuation. Technical Sergeant Tanouye's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.

Medals and Awards

Medal of Honor
Bronze Star Medal
Purple Heart (2)
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal

Combat Infantryman Badge


Technical Sgt. Ted "Tak" Tanouye was honored in 2002 by the city of Torrance, CA, with a permanent display in the Torrance Historical Society Museum.

The Torrance, CA, National Guard Armory was dedicated on 19 May 2002 in Tanouye's honor.

On 7 July 2004, a stone and bronze memorial to Tanouye was dedicated in Triangle Park, across the street from Torrance High School, where Tanouye had graduated in 1938, in Torrance, CA.

Death and Burial

Technical Sergeant Ted Takayuki 'Tak' Tanouye was killed in action on 6 September 1944. He was initially buried in Italy but in 1948 his body was exhumed and returned to Los Angeles, CA. A funeral service was held at the Buddhist Temple in Little Tokyo and Tanouye was interred at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles.

Honoree ID: 1664   Created by: MHOH




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