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First Name: Archer

Last Name: Gammon

Birthplace: Chatham, VA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Home of Record: Roanoke, VA
Middle Name: T.

Date of Birth: 11 September 1918

Date of Death: 11 January 1945

Rank: Staff Sergeant

Years Served: 1942 - 1945
Archer T. Gammon

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)


Archer T. Gammon
Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army
Medal of Honor Recipient
World War II

Staff Sergeant Archer T. Gammon (11 September 1918 - 11 January 1945) was a U.S. Army soldier who was posthumously awarded the U.S. military's highest award for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War II.

Archer T. Gammon was born on 11 September 1918 in Chatham, VA. He joined the Army from Roanoke, VA. On 11 January 1945, he was serving as a Staff Sergeant in Company A, 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, 6th Armored Division. On that day near Bastogne, Belgium, he destroyed a German machine gun position before beginning a one-man assault on a Tiger Royal tank. He silenced a supporting machine gun emplacement and killed two infantrymen before he was killed by a shot from the tank. For these actions, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company A, 9th Armored Infantry Battalion, 6th Armored Division.

Place and date: Near Bastogne, Belgium, 11 January 1945.

Citation: He charged 30 yards through hip-deep snow to knock out a machinegun and its 3-man crew with grenades, saving his platoon from being decimated and allowing it to continue its advance from an open field into some nearby woods. The platoon's advance through the woods had only begun when a machinegun supported by riflemen opened fire and a Tiger Royal tank sent 88mm. shells screaming at the unit from the left flank. S/Sgt. Gammon, disregarding all thoughts of personal safety, rushed forward, then cut to the left, crossing the width of the platoon's skirmish line in an attempt to get within grenade range of the tank and its protecting foot troops. Intense fire was concentrated on him by riflemen and the machinegun emplaced near the tank. He charged the automatic weapon, wiped out its crew of 4 with grenades, and, with supreme daring, advanced to within 25 yards of the armored vehicle, killing 2 hostile infantrymen with rifle fire as he moved forward. The tank had started to withdraw, backing a short distance, then firing, backing some more, and then stopping to blast out another round, when the man whose single-handed relentless attack had put the ponderous machine on the defensive was struck and instantly killed by a direct hit from the Tiger Royal's heavy gun. By his intrepidity and extreme devotion to the task of driving the enemy back no matter what the odds, S/Sgt. Gammon cleared the woods of German forces, for the tank continued to withdraw, leaving open the path for the gallant squad leader's platoon.


The USAT Sgt. Archer T. Gammon which served the United States Army at the end of World War II was named in his honor.

Death and Burial

Staff Sergeant Archer T. Gammon was killed in action on 11 January 1945. Gammon is buried at Mountain View Cemetery in Danville, VA.

Honoree ID: 1402   Created by: MHOH




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