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First Name: Raymond

Last Name: Murphy

Birthplace: Pueblo, CO, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Marines (present)

Middle Name: Gerald

Date of Birth: 14 January 1930

Date of Death: 06 April 2007

Rank: Captain

Years Served: 1951-1959
Raymond Gerald Murphy

•  Korean War (1950 - 1953)


Raymond Gerald "Jerry" Murphy
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve
Medal of Honor Recipient
Korean War

Raymond Gerald Murphy was born on 14 January 1930 in Pueblo, CO, to Thomas and Mame Murphy. He graduated from Pueblo Catholic High School in 1947. He attended Fort Lewis Junior College in Durango, CO, for two years before transferring to Adams State College in Alamosa, CO. While in college, he played varsity football, basketball and baseball, and worked as a swimming instructor in Durango in the summer of 1950. In 1951, Murphy graduated from Adams State College with a degree in physical education. He joined the Marine Corps Reserve in May 1951 and entered Officers Candidate School at Parris Island, SC, the following month.

Commissioned a Second Lieutenant in September 1951, he was then ordered to Officers' Basic School at Quantico, VA. Completing the course the following February, he was transferred to Camp Pendleton, CA, for advanced training before embarking for Korea in July 1952. In Korea, 2dLt Murphy served with the 5th Marines, First Marine Division until he was wounded in the action where he earned the Medal of Honor. After treatment aboard the Danish hospital ship Jutlandia, the American hospital ship Repose, and later in Japan, he was returned to the U. S. Naval Hospital at Mare Island, CA, in March 1953. He was promoted to First Lieutenant that same month. He returned to Pueblo after his discharge from the hospital and was released from active duty 7 April 1953. He is one of four Medal of Honor recipients from Pueblo, CO, the others being William J. Crawford, Drew Dennis Dix, and Carl L. Sitter. Murphy was promoted to Captain on 31 December 1954 and discharged from the Marine Corps Reserve five years later on 28 December 1959.

Then, Second Lieutenant Raymond Gerald "Jerry" Murphy was the 39th United States Marine to receive the Medal of Honor for heroism in the Korean War. He earned the Nation's highest decoration for heroic action and leadership in the "Reno-Vegas" fighting of February 1953.

Medal of Honor

The President of the United States in the name of The Congress takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to


for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a Platoon Commander of Company A, First Battalion, Fifth Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), in action against enemy aggressor forces in Korea on 3 February 1953. Although painfully wounded by fragments from an enemy mortar shell while leading his evacuation platoon in support of assault units attacking a cleverly concealed and well-entrenched hostile force occupying commanding ground, Second Lieutenant Murphy steadfastly refused medical aid and continued to lead his men up a hill through a withering barrage of hostile mortar and small-arms fire, skillfully maneuvering his force from one position to the next and shouting words of encouragement. Undeterred by the increasing intense enemy fire, he immediately located casualties as they fell and made several trips up and down the fire-swept hill to direct evacuation teams to the wounded, personally carrying many of the stricken Marines to safety. When reinforcements were needed by the assaulting elements, Second Lieutenant Murphy employed part of his Unit as support and, during the ensuing battle, personally killed two of the enemy with his pistol. When all the wounded evacuated and the assaulting units beginning to disengage, he remained behind with a carbine to cover the movement of friendly forces off the hill and, though suffering intense pain from his previous wounds, seized an automatic rifle to provide more firepower when the enemy reappeared in the trenches. After reaching the base of the hill, he organized a search party and again ascended the slope for a final check on missing Marines, locating and carrying the bodies of a machine-gun crew back down the hill. Wounded a second time while conducting the entire force to the line of departure through a continuing barrage of enemy small-arms, artillery and mortar fire, he again refused medical assistance until assured that every one of his men, including all casualties, had preceded him to the main lines. His resolute and inspiring leadership, exceptional fortitude and great personal valor reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Murphy and enhance the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


Second Lieutenant Raymond Gerald "Jerry" Murphy, and six others, received the Medal of Honor from President Dwight D. Eisenhower in a White House ceremony on 27 October 1953.

Other Medals

In addition to the Medal of Honor, Murphy was awarded the following:

Silver Star Medal
Purple Heart
Korean Service Medal with 2 Bronze Stars
United Nations Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal


Prior to his death, a bill was introduced in the U.S. Senate to name the Veterans' hospital in Albuquerque, NM, the Raymond G. Murphy Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The bill was passed by both houses of Congress and signed by President George W. Bush on 5 July 2007.

Post War

After the war, Murphy moved to New Mexico. From 1974 until his retirement in 1997, he worked as a counselor for the Veterans Administration. After retiring from the VA, he stayed on as a volunteer at the hospital until 2005. He and his wife, Maryann, raised three sons, John, Tim, and Michael, and a daughter, Eleanor.

Death and Burial

After a long illness, Murphy died on 6 April 2007 in the Veterans Administration Nursing Home in Pueblo at age 77. He was buried at Santa Fe National Cemetery in Santa Fe, NM, in Section 282.

Honoree ID: 1212   Created by: MHOH




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