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First Name: Francis

Last Name: Hammond

Birthplace: Alexandria, VA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Navy (present)


Home of Record: Alexandria, VA
Middle Name: Colton

Date of Birth: 09 November 1931

Date of Death: 27 March 1953 (Official)

Rank or Rate: Hospitalman

Years Served: 1951 - 1953
Francis Colton Hammond

•  Korean War (1950 - 1953)


Francis Colton Hammond
Hospitalman, U.S. Navy
Medal of Honor Recipient
Korean War

Francis Colton Hammond was born on 9 November 1931 in Alexandria, VA. Hammond graduated from that city's George Washington High School in 1949. He joined the Navy from Alexandria in 1951 and by 26 March 1953, was serving as a Hospital Corpsman with the 1st Marine Division in Korea. On that night, during a counterattack against an entrenched force, he exposed himself to intense hostile fire in order to treat wounded Marines, even after he had been wounded himself. When a relief unit arrived and his own unit was ordered to pull back, Hammond remained in the area, helping evacuate casualties and assisting the newly arrived corpsmen, until he was killed by mortar fire. For his heroic actions on 26-27 March 1953, he was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Hospital Corpsman, U.S. Navy, attached as a medical corpsman to 1st Marine Division

Place and date: Korea, 26-27 March 1953

Hammond's official Medal of Honor citation reads:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a[n] HC serving with the 1st Marine Division in action against enemy aggressor forces on the night of 26-27 March 1953. After reaching an intermediate objective during a counterattack against a heavily entrenched and numerically superior hostile force occupying ground on a bitterly contested outpost far in advance of the main line of resistance, HC Hammond's platoon was subjected to a murderous barrage of hostile mortar and artillery fire, followed by a vicious assault by onrushing enemy troops. Resolutely advancing through the veritable curtain of fire to aid his stricken comrades, HC Hammond moved among the stalwart garrison of marines and, although critically wounded himself, valiantly continued to administer aid to the other wounded throughout an exhausting 4-hour period. When the unit was ordered to withdraw, he skillfully directed the evacuation of casualties and remained in the fire-swept area to assist the corpsmen of the relieving unit until he was struck by a round of enemy mortar fire and fell, mortally wounded. By his exceptional fortitude, inspiring initiative and self-sacrificing efforts, HC Hammond undoubtedly saved the lives of many marines. His great personal valor in the face of overwhelming odds enhances and sustains the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

Medals and Awards

Medal of Honor
Purple Heart
Combat Action Ribbon
National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal
United Nations Service Medal
Republic of Korea War Service Medal
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation


A high school in Hammond's hometown of Alexandria, VA, was named in his honor in 1956. The upper grades of this school and Hammond's alma mater, George Washington High School, were consolidated into T. C. Williams High School in 1971, while the lower grades eventually became Francis C. Hammond Middle School and George Washington Middle School.

The frigate USS Francis Hammond (FF-1067) was named in his honor and commissioned on 25 July 1970.

Death and Burial

Francis Colton Hammond, age 21 at his death on 27 March 1953, was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, VA.

Honoree ID: 1166   Created by: MHOH




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