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First Name: John

Last Name: Nixon

Birthplace: Framingham, MA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Continental Army (1775 - 1784)

Date of Birth: 01 March 1727

Date of Death: 24 March 1815

Rank: Brigadier General

Years Served:
John Nixon

•  Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783)


John Nixon
Brigadier General, Continental Army

John Nixon was born on 1 March 1727 in Framingham, MA.

In 1745 he joined British colonial forces for the French and Indian War, taking part in the Siege of Louisburg. Nixon served as a company commander during expeditions against the French in upstate New York, including Ticonderoga and Crown Point (1755-56), Fort William Henry (1756- 57) and Fort Half Moon (1758).

When the Revolution started in 1775, he commanded a company at the Battle of Lexington, and he was a Colonel in charge of a regiment at the Battle of Bunker Hill, during which he was wounded. In 1776, Nixon was promoted to Brigadier General as commander of the Continental Army's 1st Massachusetts Brigade. He took part in action around New York City, including the Battle of Harlem, and served as commander of the Governor's Island garrison. His brigade was to take part in the crossing of the Delaware and Battle of Trenton on 25 December 1776, but was unable to cross the river in time.

Nixon also fought in the 1777 campaign that ended with the Battle of Saratoga, and during the Battle of Bemis Heights a cannonball passed so close to Nixon's head that his eyesight and hearing were permanently impaired. He resigned his commission in 1780 and retired to a farm in Sudbury, MA.

In the early 1800s, he moved to Weybridge, VT, where he farmed until his death, which occurred while he was visiting his son.


The General John Nixon Elementary School in Sudbury is named for him.


General Nixon's great-great grandson was General Leonard Wood.

Death and Burial

Brigadier General John Nixon died on 24 March 1815 in Middlebury, VT. He is buried at the John Nixon Farm at Weybridge, VT.

Honoree ID: 2908   Created by: MHOH




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