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First Name: Edward

Last Name: Hand

Birthplace: Clyduff, IRL

Gender: Male

Branch: Continental Army (1775 - 1784)

Date of Birth: 31 December 1744

Date of Death: 04 September 1802

Rank: Major General

Years Served:
Edward Hand

•  Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783)


Edward Hand
Brevet Major General, Continental Army

Edward Hand was born on 31 December 1744 in Clyduff, County Kings, Ireland.

Hand attended Trinity College in Dublin and studied medicine. He accompanied the Eighteenth Royal Irish Regiment to the American frontier near present-day Pittsburgh as Surgeon's Mate in 1774. By the end of the year, Hand completed his service and resigned. He settled in Lancaster, PA, to practice medicine.

In 1775 he accepted a commission in the Continental Army and commanded a Brigade of the Light Infantry Corps. Hand was recognized for outstanding service at the Battles of Long Island, White Plains, Trenton, and Princeton. His right eye was injured in battle, and portraits of Hand show only his left profile.

He was promoted to Adjutant General in 1781 and served as Chief Administrative Officer. He supervised a reorganization of the Army despite the unwillingness of Congress and the states to adequately supply the troops. Hand and his staff prepared the "Regulations for the Service of the Siege" that led to Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown. He was brevetted Major General on 30 September 1783 and mustered out of the Army on 3 November 1783.

Hand then returned to Lancaster and he was selected to represent Pennsylvania in the U.S. Congress in 1783-84. He campaigned for Lancaster to become the first capital of the U.S.

Death and Burial

Major General Edward Hand died of cholera at age 58 on 4 September 1802 in Lancaster, PA. He is buried at Saint James Episcopal Church Cemetery in Lancaster, PA.

Honoree ID: 2597   Created by: MHOH




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