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First Name: John

Last Name: Doughty

Birthplace: New York City, NY, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Date of Birth: 25 July 1754

Date of Death: 16 September 1826

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Years Served:
John Doughty

•  Revolutionary War (1775 - 1783)


John Doughty
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army

John Doughty was born on 25 July 1754 in New York, NY. He graduated from King's College (Columbia University) in 1770 and entered military service through New Jersey state channels in January 1776.

He served as Adjutant General of two Morris County battalions and was appointed Captain-Lieutenant of the Eastern Artillery Company of New Jersey in March 1776. Doughty became Captain in the 2nd Continental Artillery in January 1777 and served as aide to Major General Philip Schuyler. Later, he was assigned to command the New York State company of artillery in March 1777.

John Doughty participated in the battles of Brandywine (1777); Germantown (1777); Monmouth (1778); Springfield (1780); and Yorktown (1781). He was appointed Brigade Major of the Corps of Artillery in 1779 and was appointed Fort Major for the West Point Garrison in 1782. He was transferred to the Corps of Artillery in June 1783. He was promoted to Brevet Major in September and became the Army's senior ranking officer following the discharge of all but eighty men in June 1784 [Doughty Artillery Company attached to Henry Jackson's 1st American Regiment (1783-1784)] and was the senior officer of the U.S. Army from 20 June to 12 August 1784. In effect, that made him the 3rd Commander of the U.S. Army.

He superintended the construction of Fort Harmar (1785) and Fort Washington (1789) on the Ohio frontier.

Doughty was designated Major of the Battalion of Artillery in 1789, then was dispatched by President George Washington to the frontier to negotiate with the Choctaw Nation for trading post sites in 1789. He repelled with serious losses an attack by Cherokee, Shawnee, and Creek Indians while leading a detachment up the Tennessee River on a negotiating mission to the Chickasaw Nation in 1790. He declined a proffered appointment as Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Infantry Regiment, after which he retired from the Army in March 1791. He then was appointed Brigadier General of Artillery, 2d Division, New Jersey militia in 1793 and was appointed Lieutenant Colonel, 2d Regiment of Artillerists and Engineers, as war with France threatened in June 1798.

In May 1800, Doughty resigned and returned to private life on his estate at Morristown, NJ, to engage in agriculture and pursue literary studies.

Death and Burial

John Doughty died on 16 September 1826 on his estate at Morristown, NJ. He is buried at First Presbyterian Churchyard in Morristown.


Honoree ID: 2433   Created by: MHOH




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