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First Name: Henry

Last Name: Dearborn

Birthplace: Exeter, NH, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Middle Name: Alexander Scammell

Date of Birth: 03 March 1783

Date of Death: 29 July 1851

Rank: Brigadier General

Years Served:
Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn

•  War of 1812


Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn
Brigadier General, U.S. Army

Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn was born on 3 March 1783 in Exeter, NH. He was the son of Henry Dearborn, by the second of his three wives, Dorcas, and named for his father's friend, Alexander Scammell.

Dearborn attended the common schools and went to Williams College for two years and then graduated from the College of William and Mary in 1803. Dearborn studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced in Salem, MA, and Portland, ME (which was then a part of Massachusetts).

Military Service

In 1808, he oversaw the construction of Fort Preble and Fort Scammel in Portland Harbor. He replaced his father as the collector of customs in Boston from 1812 to 1829 and served as Brigadier General commanding the Volunteers in the defenses of Boston Harbor during the War of 1812.

Political Career

Dearborn was a delegate to the Massachusetts State Constitutional Convention in 1820. He was a member of the Massachusetts State House of Representatives in 1829 and a member of the Massachusetts Senate in 1830. He was elected as an Anti-Jacksonian U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 10th District to the Twenty-second U.S. Congress and served from 1831-33). He was defeated running for re-election in 1832.

In 1848, while he was Mayor of Roxbury, MA, Dearborn designed and founded the Forest Hills Cemetery. He also designed Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, MA, the first rural landscaped cemetery in the nation.


The Dearborn, a light four-wheeled carriage with curtained sides, was named after him (he maintained such a carriage).

Dearborn was the first President of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, a member of the Society of the Cincinnati, and the author of many books.


Dearborn was married to Hannah Swett Lee, daughter of Colonel William Raymond Lee (1745-1824) of Massachusetts.

Dearborn's nephew was Civil War U.S. Army General William Raymond Lee (1807-1891).

Death and Burial

Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn died on 29 July 1851 in Portland, ME. He is buried at the Forest Hills Cemetery and Crematory in Jamaica Plain, MA.


Honoree ID: 2416   Created by: MHOH




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