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First Name: Thomas

Last Name: Fowler

Birthplace: Wichita Falls, TX, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Home of Record: Wichita Falls, TX
Middle Name: Weldon

Date of Birth: 31 October 1921

Date of Death: 03 June 1944

Rank: Second Lieutenant

Years Served: 1943 - 1944
Thomas Weldon Fowler

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)


Thomas Weldon Fowler
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army
Medal of Honor Recipient
World War II

Second Lieutenant Thomas Weldon Fowler (31 October 1921 - 3 June 1944) was a U.S. Army officer who was posthumously awarded America's highest military award for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War II.

Thomas Weldon Fowler was born on 31 October 1921 in Wichita Falls, TX. He also joined the Army from Wichita Falls. On 23 May 1944, was serving as a Second Lieutenant in the 191st Tank Battalion, 1st Armored Division. On that day near Carano in the Anzio Beachhead, Italy, he led a combined armor-infantry attack. Eleven days later, Lieutenant Fowler was killed in action and was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroic actions near Carano.

Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 1st Armored Division.

Place and date: Near Carano, Italy, 23 May 1944.

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, on 23 May 1944, in the vicinity of Carano, Italy. In the midst of a full-scale armored-infantry attack, 2d Lt. Fowler, while on foot, came upon 2 completely disorganized infantry platoons held up in their advance by an enemy minefield. Although a tank officer, he immediately reorganized the infantry. He then made a personal reconnaissance through the minefield, clearing a path as he went, by lifting the antipersonnel mines out of the ground with his hands. After he had gone through the 75-yard belt of deadly explosives, he returned to the infantry and led them through the minefield, a squad at a time. As they deployed, 2d Lt. Fowler, despite small arms fire and the constant danger of antipersonnel mines, made a reconnaissance into enemy territory in search of a route to continue the advance. He then returned through the minefield and, on foot, he led the tanks through the mines into a position from which they could best support the infantry. Acting as scout 300 yards in front of the infantry, he led the 2 platoons forward until he had gained his objective, where he came upon several dug-in enemy infantrymen. Having taken them by surprise, 2d Lt. Fowler dragged them out of their foxholes and sent them to the rear; twice, when they resisted, he threw hand grenades into their dugouts. Realizing that a dangerous gap existed between his company and the unit to his right, 2d Lt. Fowler decided to continue his advance until the gap was filled. He reconnoitered to his front, brought the infantry into position where they dug in and, under heavy mortar and small arms fire, brought his tanks forward. A few minutes later, the enemy began an armored counterattack. Several Mark Vl tanks fired their cannons directly on 2d Lt. Fowler's position. One of his tanks was set afire. With utter disregard for his own life, with shells bursting near him, he ran directly into the enemy tank fire to reach the burning vehicle. For a half-hour, under intense strafing from the advancing tanks, although all other elements had withdrawn, he remained in his forward position, attempting to save the lives of the wounded tank crew. Only when the enemy tanks had almost overrun him, did he withdraw a short distance where he personally rendered first aid to 9 wounded infantrymen in the midst of the relentless incoming fire. 2d Lt. Fowler's courage, his ability to estimate the situation and to recognize his full responsibility as an officer in the Army of the United States, exemplify the high traditions of the military service for which he later gave his life.

Medals and Awards

Medal of Honor
Purple Heart


American Legion Post 169 in his hometown of Wichita Falls, TX, is named in his honor.

Death and Burial

Second Lieutenant Thomas Weldon Fowler was killed in action on 3 June 1944. He is buried at Crestview Memorial Park in his hometown of Wichita Falls, TX.

Honoree ID: 1395   Created by: MHOH




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