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First Name: Clarence

Last Name: Craft

Birthplace: San Bernardino, CA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Army (1784 - present)

Home of Record: Santa Ana, CA
Middle Name: Byrle

Date of Birth: 23 September 1921

Date of Death: 28 March 2002

Rank: Sergeant First Class

Years Served:
Clarence Byrle Craft

•  World War II (1941 - 1945)


Clarence B. Craft
Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army
Medal of Honor Recipient
World War II

Sergeant First Class Clarence Byrle Craft (23 September 1921 - 28 March 2002) was a U.S. Army soldier and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest award for valor, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War II.

Clarence B. Craft was born on 23 September 1921 in San Bernardino, CA. He joined the Army from Santa Ana, CA. On 31 May 1945, Craft was serving as a Private First Class in Company G, 382nd Infantry Regiment, 96th Infantry Division. On that day on Okinawa Island, he single-handedly attacked the Japanese-held "Hen Hill." After reaching the summit and throwing numerous hand grenades at enemy positions on the reverse slope, he assaulted the main Japanese trench, chased the defenders into a cave, and destroyed the cave with an explosive device. For these heroic actions, he was awarded the Medal of Honor.

Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Private, First Class, U.S. Army, Company G, 382nd Infantry, 96th Infantry Division.

Place and date: Hen Hill, Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, 31 May 1945.

Citation: He was a rifleman when his platoon spearheaded an attack on Hen Hill, the tactical position on which the entire Naha-Shuri-Yonaburu line of Japanese defense on Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, was hinged. For 12 days our forces had been stalled, and repeated, heavy assaults by 1 battalion and then another had been thrown back by the enemy with serious casualties. With 5 comrades, Pfc. Craft was dispatched in advance of Company G to feel out the enemy resistance. The group had proceeded only a short distance up the slope when rifle and machinegun fire, coupled with a terrific barrage of grenades, wounded 3 and pinned down the others. Against odds that appeared suicidal, Pfc. Craft launched a remarkable 1-man attack. He stood up in full view of the enemy and began shooting with deadly marksmanship wherever he saw a hostile movement. He steadily advanced up the hill, killing Japanese soldiers with rapid fire, driving others to cover in their strongly disposed trenches, unhesitatingly facing alone the strength that had previously beaten back attacks in battalion strength. He reached the crest of the hill, where he stood silhouetted against the sky while quickly throwing grenades at extremely short range into the enemy positions. His extraordinary assault lifted the pressure from his company for the moment, allowing members of his platoon to comply with his motions to advance and pass him more grenades. With a chain of his comrades supplying him while he stood atop the hill, he furiously hurled a total of 2 cases of grenades into a main trench and other positions on the reverse slope of Hen Hill, meanwhile directing the aim of his fellow soldiers who threw grenades from the slope below him. He left his position, where grenades from both sides were passing over his head and bursting on either slope, to attack the main enemy trench as confusion and panic seized the defenders. Straddling the excavation, he pumped rifle fire into the Japanese at pointblank range, killing many and causing the others to flee down the trench. Pursuing them, he came upon a heavy machinegun which was still creating havoc in the American ranks. With rifle fire and a grenade he wiped out this position. By this time the Japanese were in complete rout and American forces were swarming over the hill. Pfc. Craft continued down the central trench to the mouth of a cave where many of the enemy had taken cover. A satchel charge was brought to him, and he tossed it into the cave. It failed to explode. With great daring, the intrepid fighter retrieved the charge from the cave, relighted the fuse and threw it back, sealing up the Japs in a tomb. In the local action, against tremendously superior forces heavily armed with rifles, machineguns, mortars, and grenades, Pfc. Craft killed at least 25 of the enemy; but his contribution to the campaign on Okinawa was of much more far-reaching consequence for Hen Hill was the key to the entire defense line, which rapidly crumbled after his utterly fearless and heroic attack.

Craft reached the rank of Sergeant First Class and served in the Korean War before leaving the Army.

Death and Burial

Sergeant First Class Clarence B. Craft died on 28 March 2002, at age 80. He is buried at Fayetteville National Cemetery in Fayetteville, AR.

Honoree ID: 1344   Created by: MHOH




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